Sách Giải Bài Tập và SGK

Unit 6: Writing (trang 11)

Unit 6: Endangered species

Unit 6: Writing (trang 11)

1. Read the facts about the red-crowned crane and complete the table. (Đọc các dữ kiện về sếu đầu đỏ và hoàn thành bảng)

2. Write a report of 150-200 words to describe the red-crowned crane, using the facts in . Follow the plan and use the prompts below: (Viết một báo cáo trong 150-200 từ để miêu tả sếu đầu đỏ, sử dụng các dữ kiện trong 1. Thực hiện theo kế hoạch và sử dụng các hướng dẫn dưới đây:)

Gợi ý

Red-crowned cranes are mostly found in north-east Asia. There are two kinds: migratory and non-migratory. In autumn, the migratory ones migrate from their breeding grounds in Russia, north-eastern China and Mongolia to Korea and coastal China. Then they fly back to their old ‘homes’ in spring. Meanwhile, the non-migratory population lives on Hokkaido Island, Japan all year round.

This species is called red-crowned crane because they have a red patch of bare skin on the top of their head. They are both land and water birds, and they prefer wetlands, rivers, swamps, and rice paddies for feeding. A crane can be as tall as 150 centimetres and weighs 7 to 10 kilograms. Although they are big, these birds just eat insects, fish and crabs during the breeding season. In winter, they eat vegetation like grass, nuts or rice.

There are about 2,750 red-crowned cranes in the wild. According to the IUCN Red List, red-crowned cranes are classified as endangered because their population is decreasing. Their main threats come from human activities: poaching, and agricultural and economic development. Their habitat is strongly affected when people use pesticides in farming or build dams to store water, which lowers the water level in lowland areas. There have been efforts to protect this species. Governments in many countries promote breeding programmes with captive birds to increase the population of red-crowned crane.