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Đề kiểm tra Tiếng Anh 12 - Học kì 1 Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút Read the following passage
Đề kiểm tra Tiếng Anh 12 - Học kì 1
Thời gian làm bài: 60 phút
Read the following passage and mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the questions.
payment of money
The custom of paying a bride price before marriage is still a well-established part of many African cultures. In paying a bride price, the family of the groom must provide payment to the family of the bride before the marriage is allowed. The bride price can vary greatly from culture to culture in Africa. In the Zulu and Swazi tribes of southern Africa, the bride price often takes the form of cattle. In Western African, kola nuts, shells, and other goods are often used for the payment of the bride price. The actual sometimes takes place, but the payment of goods is more frequent. The amount of paid in a bride price can also vary. In modern times, the bride price is occasionally quite small and its value is mainly symbolic. However, the bride price can still be quite high, especially among or highly traditional families.
There are a number of justifications used to explain the payment of bride price. is that the bride price represents an acknowledgement of the expense the bride’s family has gone in order to raise her and bring her up as a suitable bride for the groom. It also represents payment for the loss of a family member, since the bride will officially become a member of her husband’s family and will leave her own. On a deeper level the bride price represents payment for the fact that the bride will bring children into the family of the groom, thereby increasing the wealth of the family. This concept is reinforced by the fact that the bride price must often be returned if the bride fails to bear children.
The payment of the bride price has quite a number of effects on African society. First, the payment of bride price acts to increase the stability of African family structures. Sons are dependent on their fathers and older relatives to help them pay the bride price of their wives, and this generally leads to greater levels of obedience and respect. The negotiations between the two families concerning the bride price allow the parents and other family members to meet and get to know one another before the marriage. Finally, since the bride price must often be repaid in case of divorce, the bride’s family often works to make sure that any problems are solved quickly. Bride prices also work as a system of wealth distribution in African cultures. Wealthier families can afford to support the marriage of their son, and thus their wealth is transferred to other families.
According to paragraph 1, all of the following are true of the bride price EXCEPT
A. its amount and form can vary
B. its practice is occasionally only symbolic
C. it is a relatively new practice in Africa
D. it is generally higher among traditional families
Why does the author mention the payment of money?
A. To stress that the use of goods in the payment of bride price is most common
B. To illustrate how the practice of bride price has changed over time.
C. To demonstrate how expensive a bride price can be sometimes.
D. To demonstrate the differences in how rich and poor families pay the bride price.
The word “prominent” in the passage is closest in meaning to _______.
The phrase “The first” in the passage refers to the first _________.
B. bride price
It can be inferred from the paragraph 2 that African families ________.
A. never see their daughters after marriage
B. never see their daughters after marriage
C. pay the bride price on the day of the wedding
D. place great importance on childbirth
The author uses the word “marital” to indicate that the problems are related to ____
Which f the following statements is TRUE?
A. Sometimes the bride’s family has to return the bride price to the groom’s for equal distributionof wealth.
B. The initial negotiations over the birde price provide opportunities for 2 families to meet each other.
C. Animals are nt an acceptable form of payment when it comes to paying the bride prices.
D. Without having to pay the bride price, African men would not respect their family members.
Why are women often married to older men?
A. Young men lack the financial to marry.
B. The legal age for marriage is lower for women than for men.
C. Families are eager to gain the bride price from their daughter’s marriage.
D. Women live longer than men on average.
Mark the letter A, B, C, or D on your answer sheet to indicate the sentence that best combines each pair of sentences in the following questions.
The guest on our show who has won the Opera. He is the youngest professional golfer that has won this award so far.
A. The professional golfer who has won the Opera so far is the youngest guest on our show.
B. The youngest professional golfer won the Opera so far is the guest on our show.
C. The youngest guest on our show is the professional golfer winning the Opera so far.
D. The guest on our show is the youngest professional golfer to win the Opera so far.
We arrived at the conference. Then we realized that our reports were still at home.
A. No sooner had we realized that our reports were at home than we arrived at the conference.
B. Only after we arrived at the conference did we realize that our reports were still at home.
C. Not until we arrived at the conference that we realized that our reports were still at home.
D. Hardly had we arrived at the conference that we realized that our reports were still at home.
Mr. Brown said to me “Make good use of your time. You wont get such an opportunity again.”
A. Mr. Brown let me make use of my time, knowing that I wouldn’t get such an opportunity again.
B. Mr. Brown ordered me to make good use of my time, said that I wouldn’t get such an opportunity again.
C. Mr. Brown offered me such an opportunity so that I could make good use of my time.
D. Mr Brown advised me to make good use of my time as I wouldn’t get such an opportunity again.
Perhaps, the violent was provoked by the fans of the visiting team.
A. It can have been the visiting team’s fans that set off the violence.
B. The fans of the visiting team must have been the people who began the violence.
C. There might have been some violence caused by the visiting team’s fans.
D. The fans of the visiting team sould have brought about the violence.
People say that Mr Goldman gave nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
A. Mr Goldman is said to have given nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
B. Nearly a million pounds is said to be given to charity by Mr Goldman.
C. Mr Goldman was said to have given nearly a million pounds to charity last year.
D. Nearly a million pounds was said to have been given to charity by Mr Goldman.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the correct answer to each of the following questions.
Most people indulge _________ harmless to relieve the boredom of their lives.
A. of B. in
C. to D. for
_______ they’ve already made their decision, there’s nothing much we can do.
A. Seeing that
B. on grounds that
C. asuming that
D. for reasons that
_______, the town does not get much of an ocean breeze.
A. Locating near the coast
B. Despite location near the coast
C. Though located near the coast
D. In spite having location near the coast
We missed the ferry yesterday morning. It ____ by the time we arrived at the pier.
A. Has already gone
B. was already going
C. had already gone
D. already went
If the prisoners attempt to escape from prison, _______ immediately.
A. They will have caught
B. They will catch
C. they will be caught
D. they would be caught
With its thousands of rocks and caves ________ out of the water, Ha Long Bay has won international recognition.
A. Being emerged
Is that the man, _______?
A. Whom you lent the money
B. Whom did you lend the money
C. you lent the money
D. you lent the money to
His reply was so _________ that I didn’t know how to interpret it.
Shelly disagreed with the board’s decision. She ______ and went to work for another company.
As an ASEAN member, VN has actively participated in the groups programs and has also created new ________ and cooperation mechanics.
Archaelogists think that massive floods could have ________ the dinosaurs.
A. Wiped out
B. laid out
C. put aside
D. taken down
I’m going on business for a week, so I’ll be leaving everything ________.
A. On your guard
B. up to your eyes
C. in your capable hands
D. under the care of you
Read the passage and mark A, B, C, or D to indicate the correct answer to each of the blanks.
The position of sport in today's society has changed out of all recognition. People no longer seem to think of sports as 'just a game' - to be watched or played for the ________ of enjoyment. Instead, it has become big business worldwide. It has become accepted practice for leading companies to provide sponsorship. TV companies pay large sums of money to screen important matches or competitions. The result has been huge rewards for athletes, some of _______ are now very wealthy, particularly top footballers, golfers and tennis players. _______ it is not unusual for some athletes to receive large fees on top of their salary, for advertising products or making personal appearances.
A trend towards shorter working hours means that people generally tend to have more free time, both to watch and to take in sporting activity; sport has become a significant part of the recreation industry that we now rely ________ to fill our leisure hours. Professional sport is a vital part of that industry, providing for millions of ________ people all over the world.
A. advantage B. good
C. benefit D. sake
A. whose B. whom
C. who D. that
A. in addition B. however
C. in contrast D. therefore
A. for B. with
C. on D. in
A. ordinary B. mightly
C. extremist D. abnormal
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word that differs from the other three in the position of primary stress in each of the following questions.
A. commerce B. reserve
C. burden D. comment
A. accomplish B. embarrass
C. interpret D. volunteer
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word whose underlined part differs from the other three in pronunciation in each of the following questions.
A. approached B. enforced
C. composed D. embraced
A. sculpture B. result
C. justice D. figure
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) OPPOSITE in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
The police have concluded that the explosion was caused by a bomb.
The palace was badly damaged by fire, but was eventually to its original spiendor.
Mark the letter A, B, C or D on your answer sheet to indicate the word(s) CLOSEST in meaning to the underlined word(s) in each of the following questions.
He was as Betsy and I talked about our charity concert to help the victims of the recent floods.
hit the roof
My father when he found that I’d damaged the car.
A. Was over the moon
B. burst with anger
C. went with the flow
D. kept his shirt on
Mark the letter A, B, C or D in your answer sheet to indicate the underlined part that needs correction in each of the following questions.
Fruit and vegetables should be washed (B) eaten (C) or (D).
The Netherlands, with (A) of its land (B) lower than sea level, (C) a system of dikes and canals for (D) water.