Sách Giải Bài Tập và SGK

Câu bị động là câu mà trong đó chủ ngữ trong câu không thực hiện hành động mà ngược lại

Câu bị động là câu mà trong đó chủ ngữ trong câu không thực hiện hành động mà ngược lại bị tác động lên bởi một yếu tố khác.

Biến đổi câu chủ động sang bị động thì quá khứ đơn:

S + V(ed/P2) + O

Chủ động: 

S + was/were + P2

Bị động: 

Ví dụ: The One Pillar Pagoda was built in 1049.

(Chùa Một Cột được xây dựng vào năm 1049.)

Task 1. Fill in the blanks with the correct form of the given verbs

1. J. K. Rowling ……… (write) her first book at the age of six.

2. Nowadays, Harvard University....…. (consider) one of the best universities in America.

3. My sister ……………… (offer) a scholarship to Oxford University last year.

4. Many famous professors and lecturers ………. (teach) here in 1946.

5. Many flowers and trees ………… (grow) around my school every year.

6. Why …………….. (the floor/ not clean) yesterday?

Hiển thị đáp án

1. wrote2. is considered3. offered
4. taught5. are grown6. was the floor not cleaned

Task 2. Rewrite the following sentences in passive voice

1. They reconstructed the temple in 1903.

…………………………………………………………………………

2. Thousands of people visit Ho Chi Minh Mausoleum every day.

…………………………………………………………………………

3. I don't invite her to my birthday party.

…………………………………………………………………………

4. They built the Khue Van Pavilion inside the Temple of Literature.

…………………………………………………………………………

5. Why do many students visit the Temple of Literature before their exams?

…………………………………………………………………………

Hiển thị đáp án

1. The temple was reconstructed in 1903.

2. HCM Mausoleum is visited by thousands of people every day.

3. She is not invited to my birthday party by me.

4. The Khue Van Pavilion was built inside the Temple of Literature.

5. Why is the Temple of Literature visited by many studnets before their exams?

Task 3. Fill in each blank with the correct form of one of the given words

regard     surround     reconstruct     consist     locate     prepare

1. Tran Quoc pagoda on Thanh Nien Road, which is like a bridge between West Lake and Truc Bach Lake.

2. Nowadays, that university of 31 faculties with 27,000 students.

3. Nick  a lot of food for the picnic yesterday.

4. The museum by a group of Japanese engineers last year.

5. My school by brick walls now.

6. Nowadays, Oxford University  as one of the oldest universities in the English speaking countries.

Hiển thị đáp án

1. is located

2. consists

3. prepared

4. was reconstructed

5. was surrounded

6. is regarded

Task 4. Choose the suitable option to complete the sentence

is explained/was explained

1. The English grammar point  by our teacher yesterday.

are destroyed/were destroyed

2. How many houses  by the storm last night?

was moved/moved

3. The school  to the higher area.

is watered/waters

4. My father  this flower every morning.

was founded/is founded

5. Harvard University  in 1636.

Hiển thị đáp án

1. was explained

2. were destroyed

3. was moved

4. is watered

5. was founded