Sách Giải Bài Tập và SGK

1. Định nghĩa Câu ghép (Compound sentence) được cấu tạo bởi 2 hay nhiều mệnh đề độc lập (Independent clause).

1. Định nghĩa

Câu ghép (Compound sentence) được cấu tạo bởi 2 hay nhiều mệnh đề độc lập (Independent clause). Các mệnh đề này thường được nối với nhau bởi liên từ (conjunction), có thể thêm dấu phẩy hoặc dấu chấm phẩy trước liên từ đó, hoặc các trạng từ nối.

Mỗi 1 mệnh đề có tầm quan trọng và đều có thể đứng một mình.

2. Các cách ghép câu

Có 3 cách để có thể kết nối các mệnh đề độc lập thành câu ghép

- Sử dụng 1 liên từ nối

Ví dụ: I enjoy playing tennis, but my sister enjoys playing badminton.

- Sử dụng một trạng từ nối

Ví dụ: I enjoy playing tennis; however, I hate playing badminton.

- Sử dụng dấu chấm phẩy (;)

Ví dụ: I enjoy playing tennis; I hate playing badminton

Task 1. Complete the sentences with the words given

and    but     or     so     for

1. I feel tired, _____I feel weak.

2. The Japanese eat healthily, _____they live for a long time.

3. I have flu, _____I don't feel very tired.

4. You should eat less fast food, _____you can put on weight.

5. You can go and see the doctor, _____you can go to bed now and rest.

6. The Japanese eat a lot of rice, _____they eat lots of fish, too.

7. I want to eat ice-cream, _____I have a sore throat

8. You should eat less fast food, _____you can put on weight.

9. The Americans often eat fast food, _____ many of them are overweight.

10. You can walk, _____ you can ride a bike to get there.

Hiển thị đáp án

1. and

2. so

3. but

4. or

5. or

6. and

7. but

8. for

9. so

10. or

Task 2. Combine sentences, using appropriate coordinating conjunction in the box

1. You may have an allergy. Be careful with what you eat and drink. (so)

___________________________________________________________________

2. Tom has a temperature. Tom has a sore throat. (and)

___________________________________________________________________

3. I want to buy other car. I have no money. (but)

___________________________________________________________________

4. It’s raining. I will stay at home and sleep. (so)

___________________________________________________________________

5. I pass the test. My parents took me to the cinema. (therefore)

___________________________________________________________________

Hiển thị đáp án

1. You may have an allergy, so be careful with what you eat and drink.

2. Tom has a temperature and a sore throat.

3. I want other car but I have no money.

4. It’s raining, so I’ll stay home and read.

5. I passed the test; therefore, my parents took me to the circus.

Task 3. Combine sentences, using appropriate coordinating conjunction in the box

1. I feel sleepy. I must finish the report. (however)

______________________________________________________________

2. His shoes are worn. He has no socks. (for)

______________________________________________________________

3. I wanted to buy a set of Lego. I started to save my money. (so)

______________________________________________________________

4. I enjoy visiting many different countries. I wouldn’t want to live overseas. (yet)

______________________________________________________________

5. I couldn’t go to your party. I was tired. (for)

______________________________________________________________

Hiển thị đáp án

1. I feel sleepy; however, I must finish the report.

2. His shoes are worn, for he has no socks.

3. I wanted to buy a set of Lego, so I started to save my money.

4. I enjoy visiting many different countries, yet I wouldn’t want to live overseas.

5. I couldn’t go to your party, for I was tired.

Task 4. Nối hai câu riêng lẻ dưới đây thành một câu

1. He worked for a woman. She used to be an artist.

2. They called a doctor. He lived nearby.

3. I wrote an email to my sister. She lives in Italy.

4. Linh liked the waiter. He was very friendly.

5. We broke a car. It belonged to my uncle.

6. Ba dropped a cup. It was new.

7. Nam loves books. They have happy endings.

Hiển thị đáp án

1. He worked for a woman who used to be an artist.

2. They called a doctor who lived nearby.

3. I wrote an email to my sister who lives in Italy.

4. Linh liked the waiter who was very friendly.

5. We broke a car that belonged to my uncle.

6. Ba dropped a cup which was new.

7. Nam loves books that have happy endings.